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2011-06-21

Japan's Special Permit Research Whaling and an Overview of Whaling

http://www.jfa.maff.go.jp/j/study/enyou/pdf/shiryo2_4.pdf
(The translation is not official.)

May-2011
Fisheries Agency

(p1)Japan's Special Permit Research Whaling and an Overview of Whaling

 That sustainable use and conservation of living marine resources are compatible is a principle agreed at the UNCED in 1992. Consequently, the Japanese government believes that whales are an important food resource which should, like other biological resources, be utilized sustainably based on scientific evidence.

 Commercial whaling was banned due to lack of scientific data, under the IWC moratorium. In order to collect the biological information needed to resume commercial whaling, Japan has conducted the Whale Research Program in the Antarctic Ocean since 1987/1988 (JARPA/JARPA II) and in the WN Pacific since 1994 (JARPN/JARPN II) in accordance with Article 8 of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling.

 In addition, for small cetaceans not managed by the IWC, “small-type whaling” (controlled by MAFF) and “dolphin hunting” (approved by prefectural governors) are carried out under catch quotas based on annual government evaluation of the resource.

10powrpoint1

Note: The numbers of whales caught for the Japan's Whale Research Program and for small-type whaling and dolphin fisheries were calculated based on the data by fiscal year 2010 and fiscal year 2009, respectively. Catch quotas were set based on calender year.
*Catch quota for Baird's beaked whale contained the unexploited quota carried over from the previous year.

(The organization of the Japanese whale research vessels) Factory ship, 1; Whale catcher, 1; Multi-purpose ship, 2 in fiscal year 2010 (Factory ship, 1; Whale catcher, 2; Multi-purpose ship, 2 in fiscal year 2009)


(p3)Number of Whales Caught in the Japan's Special Permit Research Whaling

(p4)The Organization for the Japan's Special Permit Research Whaling

(p5)Sales System for By-Products of the Japan's Special Permit Research Whaling

 Based on the statement of operational procedures approved by instructions of the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, after finishing every research program, whale meat of by-product of the Research Program should be sold after obtaining the approval from the Director-General of Fisheries Agency, and the revenue should be applied to the expense of the program.

 When the Whale Research Program was started, these system were introduced by the Japanese government to suppress the sudden rise of the whale meat price, and to secure financial resources for research expense as well as to ensure the proper disposal of whale meat based on Article 8 of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling.

 However, because whale meat prices were determined based on the research costs, not depend on price formation in the market, these prices have not matched to recent real consumer needs. And these facts also become causes of sluggish sales of whale meat.

(p6)Sales and Distribution of By-Products of the Japan's Special Permit Research Whaling

(p7)The Trend of Whale Meat Stocks and Supply

(p8)Financial Condition of the Institute of Cetacean Research

 The deficit of the institute that ordinary revenue is less than ordinary expenses has been continuing, and its net asset value has been reduced from about 2 billion yen to about eight hundred million yen during this five year period.

 Due to the sluggish sales of whale meat which is by-products of the Japan's Whale Research Program, most of assets are accounts due.

(p9)Obstructive Activities of the Anti-whaling Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)

Obstructive Activities of the Anti-whaling Organization
 So far, the Anti-whaling NGO Greenpeace and Sea Shepherd Conservation Society (SS) have obstructed the activities of Japanese whale research vessels in operation on the Antarctic Ocean.

(Translator's notes1 → http://jwcs-english.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2011/06/translators-not.html )

 Since 2005, SS has performed obstructive activities every year, and their activities are becoming more violent year by year. These facts endanger the Japanese research vessels and their crews' lives and property.

The Main Obstructive Activities in the Previous Research Program (2010/2011)
 SS has performed obstructive activities with three ships, which are Dutch-flagged ship Steve Irwin (SI), Dutch-flagged ship Bob Barker (BB) and Australia-flagged ship Gojilla (G).
 Dangerous obstructive activities were repeatedly performed (e.g. throwing glass bottles containing butyric acid, dropping a length of rope into the sea to destroy the screw of the Japanese whaling ship and irradiating laser which can make people blind, as well as throwing highly-inflammable signal-flares).
 In February, the ropes thrown by SS entangled in the propeller of Yushin Maru No. 3, and Yushin Maru No. 3 sent a Mayday signal, but obstructive activities of SS continued.
 Because Nissin Maru had chased by BB since 9 February, and SI was also about to rush to the scene, on 18 February the whale research program was forced to stop from the point of view of securing the safety of the crews' lives and properties and research vessels.

(p10)
The Limitation of Countermeasures to the Obstructive Activities
- The principle of flag State responsibility
Because the Japanese government is not the flag state of the vessels possessed by the Sea Shepherd, within the scope of United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (Treaty No. 6 of 1996), the legislation by the Japanese government to control the obstructive activities repeatedly performed by the Sea Shepherd on the high seas on the spot would be difficult to carry out effectively.

(Cabinet decision (An extract) on March 15, 2011: The written answer to the question about the obstructive activities against Japanese whaling ships by the Sea Shepherd, submitted by Hiroshi Hase, Member of the House of Representatives, Japan)

- The Interpretation of Piracy laws
It is not considered that the obstructive activities against the whale research program in the Antarctic Ocean by the Sea Shepherd was correspond to an act of piracy provided in Article 2 of the Law on the Penalization of Acts of Piracy and Measures against Acts of Piracy (Act No. 55 of 2009).

(Cabinet decision (An extract) on May 13, 2011 : The written answer to the question about the obstructive activities against Japanese whaling ships by SS, submitted again by Hiroshi Hase, Member of the House of Representatives, Japan)


Translation:
JWCS Volunteer staff: Kazuo Ishii,  Simon Varnam

(Translator's notes 2 → http://jwcs-english.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2011/06/translators-n-1.html )

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